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Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease

Avoid & Treat Periodontal Disease

Good oral hygiene and regular dental care is key to preventing gum disease. Gum (periodontal) disease is an infection of the gums and surrounding tissues that hold teeth in place. The two forms of gum disease are gingivitis, a mild form that is reversible with good oral hygiene, and periodontitis, a more severe form that can damage the soft tissues and bone that support teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss. In its early stages, gum disease is usually painless, and many people are not aware that they have it. In more advanced cases, gum disease can cause sore gums and pain when chewing. To avoid gum disease, it is important to maintain proper dental hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing daily.  Routine check-ups with your dentist and professional cleanings every six months are an easy way to prevent gum disease.

Common signs of gum disease include:

  • Gums that bleed when brushing or flossing
  • Red, swollen or tender gums
  • Receding gums
  • Loosening/mobility of teeth
  • Shifting of teeth and changes in bite
  • Teeth sensitivity to hot and cold
  • Pain when chewing